Which of the following words is/are derived from the latin movere, meaning “to move”?

· mov, mob, or mot= move: activity, mobile or immobilize, motivate, emotion, demote, promote, remote, removed

· pel or pulse= drive/driven: compelling or compulsive, impel or impulsive, expel, propel, repel

· press= push: express, expression, & expressive, repress, impush, depress, pressure

· tract= pull: attraction, extract, retract, traction, tractor

See each word below for more examples and explanations.Then try the equivalent exercise to check out how many type of words you can recognize andmatch to their meanings.

You watching: Which of the following words is/are derived from the latin movere, meaning “to move”?

Flectere (-flect/flex)-- to bend:

Bfinishing our arms or legs reasons us to flex our muscles. Lots of movement and also exercise helps save us flexible—able to move openly.Soldiers in the Greek and Romale militaries offered shields to deflect arrows or other weapons—to bfinish their course ameans from the body.Inflectionimplies a readjust in tone as soon as speaking, or (as a grammatical term) a adjust inthe form or interpretation of a word as affixes are added: deflect, flexible, andreflex (and the other words below) are all inflections of ‘flex.'Reflections arebrought about by light being deflected or bent back from a really smooth surchallenge likecalm water or a mirror. To reflect isto reproduce that image, or to quietly think over what has actually happened. (“As hereflected on the events of the last year, he realized his attitudes had changedentirely.”)A reflex is an automatic muscle response favor jerking our hand also amethod from a hot oven prior to we even feel the pain. A physician tests reflexes by hitting a suggest just above the knee. If the reduced leg jerks up, your reflexes are good.

Other inflections of flectere:flexibility, flexion, inflect, inflected, inflexible, inversatility, reflect,reflective.

Movere- to move; (previous participle: motivus), mobilis- moveable:


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Motion is movement.We frequently say something ‘moves’ us when it touches our heart (affects our emovements.)Somepoint that ‘motivates’us makes us want to do something-- moves us to activity.Commovement is alot of movement with noise and also confusion. To demote someoneis to relocate him dvery own in rank; the oppowebsite of ‘promote.’ To mobilize anarmy is to prepare it to move. When someone breaks a leg, the doctors immobilize it to help it heal.A remote locationis far removed from city life and also company.

 (Other inflectionsof movere: demobilize, deactivity, emotional,immobile, immobility, mobility, mobilize, motive, relocating, promovement, and rerelocate.)

Pellere- to drive; pulsum- driven: 

To compel someoneis to drive (force) him or her to take action.To dispel is to drive ameans or eliminate clouds, darkness, or negative feelings: "The good news dispelled their anxiety."To expel is todrive out. For instance, in the U.S. a student who brings a gun to college willprobably be expelled from the college (cannot attend classes there ever aacquire.)An impulse isan urge (within one’s own mind) to execute somepoint. Compulsion is similar, however stronger-- a feeling of being driven to carry out somepoint. An impulsive perboy is inclined to act on impulses rather thanreasoning points through.Propellers are the turning blades that move aboat or plane forward.Your pulse isthe throbbing rhythm you have the right to feel by pressing a spot over an artery (forexample, simply below your wrist.) A medical professional or nurse will “take your pulse” tolearn your pulse rate—the variety of heart beats per minute. (Each beat causesthe pressure boost you feel in your wrist.)To repel is todrive somepoint ameans. Insect repellantis repulsive to insects likemosquitoes—they don’t want to be about it, so you won’t acquire bitten (as much!)

More words from pellere:compelling, compulsive, compulsively, expulsion, impel, impulsively,propel, jet propulsion, pulsation.

AdvertisementPressare- to Push Against orPress

To compress is to push tightly together. Compression banderas push tightlyagainst a wound.A depression canbe a serious economic downrotate OR feeling low (sometimes to the suggest ofemotional or psychological illness) OR a low location.To expush is toclearly communicate one’s feelings (press them out toward others). As anadjective, expush indicates unusuallyrapid and also direct (shipment, train, etc.)Somepoint impressiveis noticeable or admirable: “You offered an impressive presentation, also thoughyou had very little bit time to prepare.” Oppression ismistherapy or harsh ascendancy over other people.To push is topush something (or someone: “When they heard rumors of layoffs, they pressedtheir secretive boss for even more indevelopment.” In this case, they had actually to pressrather than just ask because the boss didn’t want to tell them anything.)To repress isto host earlier OR to restrict liberty by governpsychological activity.To suppush is topush somepoint under (often to put dvery own a rebellion.)

Other words from pressare:compressible, depress, expression, expressive, impress, impression, oppush,oppressive, push, repression, repressive, suppression.

Tendere- tostretch

To attend is tobe present at a gathering or to go there repeatedly. In the UNITED STATE, childrenattfinish institution nine months of the year. Many kind of specialists attend an annualconference, and marketers and also buyers regularly attfinish trade mirrors. Attention ismental focus.To complete is tobattle through or against someone or somepoint.Distention isbeing extended out of shape. If a person eats way as well a lot, their belly may beso distfinished their apparel don’t fit.To extfinish is tostretch out or lengthen. When world cannot end up a task on time, theycould ask for an expansion. From amountain optimal tbelow is an extensivesee.To intfinish to dosomepoint is to plan and have actually a objective to execute it. If a person damages someone’sfeelings unintentionally, it meansthe hurt was not intended. InAmerideserve to courts, accidental damages (even manslaughter- accidental killing) istreated much much less severely than intentional,premeditated damages or murder.Intense meansextremely solid. Intense sunlight canhurt your eyes; incredibly intense emotionshave the right to drainpipe a perboy (leave him or her worn down.)To intensifysomething is to make it more powerful or even more intense. (The word comes from tendere + facere- to make.)extensive meansvia good effort: Summer institution classes are brief but extensive, as studentshave to learn the exact same material in less time.To pretendsuggests to act choose somepoint or someone we are not: a possum preoften tends to be dead so predators willnot assault it.A tendency is aninclicountry to a certain type of behavior: “She had a propensity to scream once she was upset.”Tension istightness (of muscles or feelings.)

Other words that come from tendere: attentive, attentively, contention, controversial, distend,broadly, degree, strongly, intensification, intensity, intensively,intent, intention, intentional, deliberately, pretense, preanxiety,pretentious, tfinish (to), tense, tensely.

Trahere(-tract)- to pull 


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Abstract wordsor thoughts are around concepts, points that cannot be touched, as compared to physicalpoints that have the right to be checked out or tackled.To lure isto draw or pull toward somepoint or someone, as a moth is attracted to light. An attractiveperson is good-looking.A contract is alegally-binding business agreement. The verb to contract indicates to pull together or become smaller or tighter.Muscles contract or tighten as theywork-related.If some defect detractsfrom the beauty of a structure (for example), it takes away from its valueand makes it much less preferable. “The dancer’s stumble detracted from an otherwise exceptional performance.” A detractor is someone who criticizes orfinds fault with someone else’s occupational.To distract isto take someone’s attention ameans from his objective. To extract isto pull out (as minerals are extracted from the earth.) An extract is a substance taken out of something else—many often amedicinal drink made from an herbal (plant) base processed in alcohol.A protractor isa tool for drawing circles. A protracted droughtis a long dry duration. In Congress they have protractedarguments around controversial subjects—speeches and disagreements that last way toolong! When a perchild realizes he has actually said or composed somethingthat is inspecific or harmful, he must retractit-- take ago what was sassist and also admit he was wrong.Subtraction isrerelocating part of something. The mathematical procedure involves taking awaynumbers: 5-3=2. (“Five minus 3 equates to 2.”)Tractivity involvespulling or resistance. Doctors put a patient via a broken leg in traction to pull his bones back intoplace. A tractor is amachine that pulls points on a farm.

See more: Music Appreciation Midterm

Other words from trahere:attractivity, contractivity, distractible, distractibility, distractivity,extraction, retract, retractable, retraction, subtract.

Match These Words with Their Meanings


argumentative or quarrelsomecontentious
pressed dvery own or feeling low???compulsivecompulsiveretractattractiontensionrepellantmotiveflexiblecontentionreflectintentiondistractionoppressionmobilizeimmobiledepressedintensitycompressdeflect
to organize a motion, frequently of troops???compulsiveretractattractiontensionrepellantmotiveflexiblecontentionreflectintentiondistractionoppressionmobilizeimmobiledepressedintensitycompressdeflect
somepoint that drives others away???compulsiveretractattractiontensionrepellantmotiveflexiblecontentionreflectintentiondistractionoppressionmobilizeimmobiledepressedintensitycompressdeflect
easy to bend???compulsiveretractattractiontensionrepellantmotiveflexiblecontentionreflectintentiondistractionoppressionmobilizeimmobiledepressedintensitycompressdeflect
push together tightly???compulsiveretractattractiontensionrepellantmotiveflexiblecontentionreflectintentiondistractionoppressionmobilizeimmobiledepressedintensitycompressdeflect
a tightness (frequently of muscles)???compulsiveretractattractiontensionrepellantmotiveflexiblecontentionreflectintentiondistractionoppressionmobilizeimmobiledepressedintensitycompressdeflect
something that pulls attention away???compulsiveretractattractiontensionrepellantmotiveflexiblecontentionreflectintentiondistractionoppressionmobilizeimmobiledepressedintensitycompressdeflect
a purpose???compulsiveretractattractiontensionrepellantmotiveflexiblecontentionreflectintentiondistractionoppressionmobilizeimmobiledepressedintensitycompressdeflect
to recreate an image as a mirror does ???compulsiveretractattractiontensionrepellantmotiveflexiblecontentionreflectintentiondistractionoppressionmobilizeimmobiledepressedintensitycompressdeflect
to pull back???compulsiveretractattractiontensionrepellantmotiveflexiblecontentionreflectintentiondistractionoppressionmobilizeimmobiledepressedintensitycompressdeflect
not able to move???compulsiveretractattractiontensionrepellantmotiveflexiblecontentionreflectintentiondistractionoppressionmobilizeimmobiledepressedintensitycompressdeflect
feeling driven to do something ???compulsiveretractattractiontensionrepellantmotiveflexiblecontentionreflectintentiondistractionoppressionmobilizeimmobiledepressedintensitycompressdeflect
abusage of world by their rulers???compulsiveretractattractiontensionrepellantmotiveflexiblecontentionreflectintentiondistractionoppressionmobilizeimmobiledepressedintensitycompressdeflect
to bfinish something ameans from its course???compulsiveretractattractiontensionrepellantmotiveflexiblecontentionreflectintentiondistractionoppressionmobilizeimmobiledepressedintensitycompressdeflect
a solid disagreement or dispute???compulsiveretractattractiontensionrepellantmotiveflexiblecontentionreflectintentiondistractionoppressionmobilizeimmobiledepressedintensitycompressdeflect
being drawn toward somepoint or someone???compulsiveretractattractiontensionrepellantmotiveflexiblecontentionreflectintentiondistractionoppressionmobilizeimmobiledepressedintensitycompressdeflect
underlying reason that moves someone to act???compulsiveretractattractiontensionrepellantmotiveflexiblecontentionreflectintentiondistractionoppressionmobilizeimmobiledepressedintensitycompressdeflect
strength of feeling or force???compulsiveretractattractiontensionrepellantmotiveflexiblecontentionreflectintentiondistractionoppressionmobilizeimmobiledepressedintensitycompressdeflect

These are simply a few of the English words that come from Latin verbs. A majority of academic words in English-- and a largevariety of widespread words as well-- have actually Latin roots. Seeing the connectionsbetween roots and definitions deserve to assist you learn and remember them better. Want totry a couple of more? See

· Important Latin Roots (consisting of venire- to come and also cedere- to go),

· The Latin Root Ponere (to put or set),

· 50 Word Roots from Latin (including ferre-to bring/ carry, gradi- to step, as in grade, progressive,degrade, jactare- to throw, as ineject, portare- also to lug, volvere-to return: evolve, revolve, etc.)

· Words from Classical Roots,

· and List of Prefixes, NegativePredeal with List, and others linked to the Roots and Affixes web page below.

If you're interested in teaching roots, check out the inexpensive lessons and exercise tasks on Root, Preresolve, and also Sufdeal with Worksheets.

Home> Roots, Prefixes, and also Suffixes> English Wordsfrom Latin Verbs of Motion


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Make feeling of words prefer access, advocate, deduce, inquiry, intervention, revert, and also sustainable by finding out and also practicing with the Latin roots they come from.

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