To say that something is in front of something else, we would use ---- de .

Did you know the word “a” is the fifth many typically supplied word in English?

You are most likely not surprised.

You watching: To say that something is in front of something else, we would use ---- de .

It is difficult to get via a sentence without utilizing it.

“A” is dubbed an indefinite short article in English, and also as you can view over, it is a tiny yet powerful little word.

It is no various in Spanish. Understanding Spanish articles is vital to speaking fluently. You will be making use of them all the time!

Fortunately, Spanish indefinite articles attribute in a very similar means to the English ones, although there are some crucial distinctions.

We will walk through all of them in this post. But before entering the realm of my grammar-loving brain, let us watch what an indefinite article really is.

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What Is an Indefinite Article?

When we describe civilization or things that have not been specifically identified, we have to use an indefinite post. In English, we usage the indefinite articles a and also an (as opposed to the definite article the). As we will certainly view in the future, Spanish has actually 4 indefinite articles: un, una, unos, unas.

There is a small trick I constantly share through my students once researching the indefinite write-ups in Spanish: In a lot of situations, you have to usage the indefinite post eincredibly time tright here is at least one perboy in the conversation that does not already know what or who you are talking around.

Imagine the following situation. Mark and Peter are chatting. Mark has bought a new automobile and also is extremely eager to share the news.

Mark: ¡Hola, Peter! ¿Sabías que me he comprado un coche nuevo? (Hi, Peter! Did you know I have bought a new car?)

Peter: ¿De verdad? ¿Y qué has hecho con el viejo? (Really? What have you done with the old one?)

Mark: Se lo he vendiexecute a un amigo. (I have actually sold it to a friend.)

As you can see, once Mark mentions his new automobile for the initially time, he is utilizing the indefinite short article both in Spanish and also English. Peter had actually no concept of the existence of the new car, so Mark needs to use the indefinite article to introduce it.

If you have a closer look at the second line of dialogue, you will certainly watch the words “el” and “the” are emphasized. Peter is asking about an old car, a automobile both he and also Mark kbrand-new about, so rather of utilizing the indefinite article, he supplies the definite one.

Finally, Mark’s answer “a un amigo” means tbelow is a friend of his that bought the old car—something else that Peter did not understand about.

Now imagine Sandra is passing by and she sees the men talking. She is currently new to the conversation, so view what happens:

Sandra: Hola, chicos. ¿Qué tal? (Hi, males. What’s up?)

Peter: Hola, Sandra. Mark se ha compraperform un coche nuevo. (Hi, Sandra! Mark has actually bought a brand-new vehicle.)

Mark: Sí, es el coche que te enseñé ayer. (Yes, it’s the auto I confirmed you yesterday.)

Peter did not understand Sandra had actually already seen the vehicle, so he thinks the truth that Mark has a new auto is brand-new indevelopment for Sandra. He uses the indefinite short article in order to introduce the information. However before, Mark has already presented the vehicle to Sandra, so he rectifies Peter instraight by utilizing “el,” because Sandra already knows what he is talking about.

Later in this short article we will explain some different, specific conmessages that require the indefinite article, yet these are the standard principles you can use going forward.

Un, Una, Unos, Unas! How to Use the Spanish Indefinite Articles Correctly in Any Context

Tbelow are two main kinds of Spanish articles: definite and indefinite. In this post, we are just focusing on the indefinite articles.

I have actually split the following indevelopment right into various sections:

First you will certainly have actually a quick overcheck out of the different Spanish indefinite articles with their meanings and also some sample sentences for each of them.

Then you will certainly discover a area regarding grammatical sex and number and also exactly how they occupational alongside indefinite posts. The last 2 sections cover the provides of the indefinite short article and also the cases where you need to omit it, respectively.

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Get to Know the Spanish Indefinite Articles

Un (A/An)

Un is the masculine, singular indefinite write-up. That indicates we use it alongside masculine, singular nouns.

Words prefer padre, libro, vaso or gato accept un. Have a look:

Soy un padre muy responsable. (I am a incredibly responsible father.)

Tengo un libro rojo. (I have a red book.)

Hay un vaso encima de la mesa. (There is a glass on the table.)

¿Es eso un gato? (Is that a cat?)

Una (A/An)

The exact exact same thig happens via the article una. It is the feminine, singular indefinite post, so just feminine, singular nouns can acagency it.

Take as an instance the words madre, piedra, casa and also amiga:

María es una buena madre. (María is a excellent mother.)

Me he encontraexecute una piedra en el bolsillo. (I have actually discovered a stone in my pocket.)

Hay una casa cerca del lago. (There’s a house near the lake.)

Juana es una amiga mía. (Juana is a friend of mine.)

Unos (Some/A few)

Unos is the masculine, plural indefinite article. So, as you deserve to most likely guess by currently, it acservice providers masculine, plural nouns.

Have a look at some examples:

Hay unos niños en ese parque. (Tright here are some kids in that park.)

Dame unos caramelos. (Give me some sweets.)

Unos caballeros preguntan por ti. (A few gentlemen are asking for you.)

Necesito unos pañuelos. (I require a couple of tissues.)

Unas (Some/A few)

Lastly, we have actually the short article unas to refer to nouns that are feminine and plural. Here you have some examples with the Spanish indefinite article unas:

He encontraexecute unas monedas en el suelo. (I have actually uncovered a couple of coins on the floor.)

Unas chicas me ayudaron. (Some girls assisted me.)

Hay unas casas muy grandes en esta calle. (Tbelow are some very big houses on this street.)

Dime unas palabras en inglés. (Tell me some words in English.)

Let’s Agree! How to Construct a Sentence via Indefinite Articles

I am sure you have actually already heard about grammatical agreement. Agreement occurs as soon as some parts of a sentence or expression “agree,” or share some grammatical traits that enable us to identify they go together.

When constructing a sentence with indefinite posts, 2 important types of agreement are gender and number. This hregarding be your priority when picking your posts, your nouns and even your adjectives. If you disregard grammatical agreement you will certainly absolutely sound choose a lazy foreigner that does not even try. And you do not want that!

We will certainly start through the noun. We will use the noun casa (house), which is feminine and singular.

Now we should find an indefinite post that is likewise feminine and singular. Think around it, tright here is only an option… yes! Una is what we were trying to find, and also that provides us Una casa (a house).

We can currently include an adjective. I love the color yellow, so our adjective will certainly be amarillo. But, wait a second! We require a feminine, singular adjective so that it deserve to agree with our noun and our article. We deserve to follow the rules of gendered adjective endings and also we get amarilla. That offers us Una casa amarilla (A yellow house).

Add a verb, an item or whatever you have to construct a finish sentence, and the result may look like this:

Hay una casa amarilla cerca de la piscina. (There is a yellow house near the swimming pool.)

And that, ladies and also gentlemen and gender-neutral friends, is exactly how you create agreement in a sentence. Never forget!

The Exception to Post Agreement

However, tbelow is one exceptionally little group of words that are an exemption to the agreement rules proclaimed over.

These rogue nouns have something in common: they are all feminine, singular and they all begin with an accented “a” sound (a-, ha-).

The agreement rule especially claims that if a noun is feminine and also singular, the indefinite post you have to use is una. But this team of words refuse to use una because they say they carry out not favor so many type of “a” sounds together.

Instead, they use the indefinite pronoun un!


un águila veloz (a fast eagle)

un hacha pesada (a hefty ax)

un arma peligrosa (a dangerous weapon)

As you have the right to clearly check out, these nouns keep on being feminine, and also the adjectives they accept deserve to just be feminine.

More, when you adjust the word right into its plural create, the “revolution” ends and they take on the feminine indefinite write-up as soon as aacquire. Have a look:

unas águilas veloces (some rapid eagles)

unas hachas pesadas (some heavy axes)

unas armas peligrosas (some dangerous weapons)

Conmessages that Require the Spanish Indefinite Article

Early in this write-up, we explained that indefinite write-ups are forced when you are pointing out somepoint or someone that has yet to be stated or is not familiar to everyone you are talking to.

Tbelow are likewise some distinct contexts that constantly require an indefinite post in Spanish, which we will cover listed below.

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