The phrase "use it or lose it" is particularly relevant to neural processes in that

Recognize a phrase as soon as you discover one.

You watching: The phrase "use it or lose it" is particularly relevant to neural processes in that

A phrase is 2 or even more words that execute not contain thesubject-verb pair important to create a clause. Phrases can be extremely short or quite long.

Here are 2 examples:

After lunch

After slithering dvery own the stairs and throughout the road to scare practically to death Mrs. Philpot busy pruning her increased bushes

Phrases have actually specific names based on the form of word that begins or governs the word group: noun phrase,verb expression,prepositional expression,infinitive expression,participle phrase,gerund phrase, andabsolute phrase.

Noun Phrase

A noun expression consists of anoun—a person, location, or thing—and themodifier(s) (either before and/or after) that identify it.

This is the pattern:

Optional Modifier(s) + Noun +Optional Modifier(s)

Here are examples:

The shoplifted pair of jeans

Pair = noun;the, shoplifted, of jeans = modifiers.

A cat that refprovided to meow

Cat = noun;a, that refprovided to meow = modifiers.

A good English teacher

Teacher = noun;a, excellent,English = modifiers.

Noun phrases feature as subjects,objects, andcomplements:

The shoplifted pair of jeans caused Nathaniel so a lot guilt that he can not wear them.

The shoplifted pair of jeans = subject.

Jerome embraced a cat that refsupplied to meow.

A cat that refsupplied to meow = straight object.

With her love of Shakespeare and also expertise of grammar, Jasmine will someday be a great English teacher.

A great English teacher = subject match.

Verb Phrase

Sometimes a sentence have the right to interact its interpretation through a one-wordverb. Other times, however, a sentence will usage a verb expression, a multi-word verb, to express more nuanced activity or problem. A verb phrase deserve to have up to 4 components.

This is the pattern:

Auxiliary Verb(s) + Key Verb + Verb Ending if Necessary

Here are examples:

Had cleaned

Had = auxiliary verb;clean = major verb;ed = verb finishing.

Should have actually been writing

Should,have actually, been = auxiliary verbs; compose = major verb; ing = verb ending.

Must wash

Must = auxiliary verb;wash = main verb.

Here are the verb phrases in action:

Mom had actually justcleaned the refrigerator shelves as soon as Lawrence knocked over the pitcher of orange juice.

Sarah have to have been writing her research study essay, yet she can not withstand an additional brief chapter in her Stephen King novel.

If guests are coming for dinner, wemust wash our smelly dog!

Prepositional Phrase

At the minimum, a prepositional phrase will start through a preposition and also finish via a noun, pronoun,gerund, or clause, the "object" of the preposition.

The object of the preplace will certainly often have one or even more modifiers to describe it.

These are the patterns for a prepositional phrase:

Preplace + Noun, Pronoun, Gerund, or Clause

Preposition + Modifier(s) +Noun, Pronoun, Gerund, or Clause

Here are examples:

On time

On = preposition;time = noun.

Underneath the sagging yellow couch

Underneath = preposition;the, sagging, yellow = modifiers;couch = noun.

Against someone strong

Against = preposition;someone = pronoun;solid = modifier.

From eating too much

From = preposition;eating = gerund;also, much = modifiers.

A prepositional phrase will certainly feature as anadjective or adverb. As an adjective, the prepositional expression will answer the questionWhich one?

Read these examples:

The spider over the kitchen sink has actually just captured a fat fly.

Which spider? The one over the kitchen sink!

The librarian at the check-out desk smiles whenever before she collects a late fee.

Which librarian? The one at the check-out desk!

The vegetables on Noel's plate lay untouched the entire meal.

Which vegetables? The ones on Noel's plate!

As an adverb, a prepositional expression will answer questions such asHow? When? or Where?

While sitting in the cafeteria, Jack catapulted peas via a spoon.

How did Jack launch those peas? With a spoon!

After breakquick, we piled the dirty dishes in the sink.

When did we overlook the dirty dishes?After breakfast!

Amber finally discovered the umbrella wedgedunder the front seat.

Where did Amber situate the umbrella?Under the front seat!

Infinitive Phrase

An infinitive phrase will start through an infinitive (To + Simple Form of the Verb). It will regularly includeobjects and/or modifiers that finish the thought.

This is the pattern:

Infinitive + Object(s) and/or Modifier(s)

Here are examples:

To slurp spaghetti

To sfinish the document prior to the deadline

To gulp the glass of water with such thirst that streams of liquid ran dvery own his chin and also wet the front of his currently sweat-soaked shirt

Infinitive phrases can function as nouns,adjectives, or adverbs.

Consider these examples:

To prevent one more lecture from Michelle on the benefits of vegetarianism was Aaron's hope for their day at a nice restaurant.

To avoid another lecture from Michelle on the benefits of vegetarianism = noun (topic of the verbwas).

See more: The Adjusting Process And Related Entries

Cheryl plans to take microbiology following semester when Professor Crum, a pusfloat, is teaching the course.

To take microbiology following semester = noun (straight object for the verb plans).

The worst expressionto watch on Dad"s confront is disappointment.

To watch on Dad"s confront = adjective (describing expression).

Ryan mowed the long grassto save his neighbors from complaining to the homeowners" association.

To keep his next-door neighbors from complaining to the homeowners" association = adverb (why Ryan mowed the lawn).

Participle Phrase

A participle phrase will certainly start with a present or past participle. If the participle is current, it will dependably end ining. Likewise, a regular past participle will certainly finish in a consistent ed. Irconstant previous participles, unfortunately, conclude in all kinds of methods. (Seethis list for examples.)

Due to the fact that all phrases need 2 or more words, a participle expression will often encompass objects and/ormodifiers that complete the assumed.

This is the pattern:

Participle + Object(s) and/or modifier(s)

Here are examples:

Flexing his muscles in front of the bathroom mirror

Ripped from a spiral-ring notebook

Driven crazy by Grandma's endless questions

Participle phrases constantly function as adjectives, including summary to the sentence.

Read these examples:

The stock clerk lining up carlots of oselection juice made certain the expiration day challenged the earlier of the cooler.

Lining up carloads of orange juice modifies the noun clerk.

Elijah likes his eggssmothered in cheese sauce.

Smothered in cheese sauce modifies the noun eggs.

Shrunk in the dryer, the jeans came to the tops of John's ankles.

Shrunk in the dryer modifies the noun jeans.

Gerund Phrase

A gerund phrase will certainly begin via agerund, an ing word, and will regularly include other modifiers and/or objects.

This is the pattern:

Gerund + Object(s) and/or Modifier(s)

Gerund phrases are created exactly prefer existing participle phrases. How execute you tell the difference? You must identify the function of the expression.

Gerund phrases constantly attribute as nouns, so they will certainly be topics,topic complements, orobjects in the sentence.

Read these examples:

Washing our dog Gizmo needs strong arms to save the squirming, unhappy puppy in the tub.

Washing our dog Gizmo = topic of the verb needs.

A good strategy for staying clear of dirty dishes iseating eincredibly meal off paper towels.

Eating eincredibly meal off paper towels = topic enhance of the verb is.

Susie tried holding the slippery trout, however the fish flipped out of her hands and also splaburned back right into the stream.

Holding the slippery trout = direct object of the verb tried.

Absolute Phrase

An absolute expression combines anoun and a participle via any kind of accompanying modifiers and/orobjects.

This is the pattern:

Noun + Participle +Optional Modifier(s) and/or Object(s)

Here are examples:

His brow knitted in frustration

Brow = noun;knitted = participle;his, in frustration = modifiers.

Her fingers flying over the piano keys

Fingers = noun;flying = participle;her, over the piano tricks = modifiers.

Their eyes adhering to the arc of the ball

Eyes = noun;complying with = participle;arc = straight object;their,the, of the round = modifiers.

Rather than editing a specific word, an absolute expression will certainly describe the entirety clause:

His brow knitted in frustration, Thomas tried again to iron a perfect crease in his dress pants.

His brow knitted in frustration describes not just Thomas but also his emphasis on the ironing.

Francine played the difficult concerto,her fingers flying over the piano secrets.

Her fingers flying over the piano secrets explains not only Francine however additionally her technique of playing.

The coaches watched Leo launch a pass down the field, their eyes complying with the arc of the sphere.

See more: Lesson 12: Correlation & Simple Linear Regression

Their eyes following the arc of the round explains not only the coaches however likewise the intensity of their monitoring.

Printer Fabulous!

Home •Terms • Exercises • Handouts • Rules • PowerPoint •Canvas •Twitter •YouTube •Shop • About Robin