The inquiry analysis involves identifying the and collecting the relevant .

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Suggested Citation:"3 Dimension 1: Scientific and Engineering Practices." National Research Council. 2012. A Frameoccupational for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13165.




From its inception, one of the principal goals of science education and learning has actually been to cultivate students’ clinical behavior of mind, develop their capcapability to communicate in scientific inquiry, and teach them how to factor in a scientific conmessage <1, 2>. Tright here has always been a tension, yet, between the focus that should be put on developing expertise of the content of scientific research and also the focus inserted on clinical methods. A narrowhead emphasis on content alone has actually the unfortunate consequence of leaving students via naive conceptions of the nature of clinical inquiry <3> and also the impression that science is ssuggest a body of isolated facts <4>.

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This chapter stresses the prestige of emerging students’ expertise of how science and also engineering attain their ends while also strengthening their competency through associated methods. As previously provided, we use the term “methods,” instead of a term such as “abilities,” to anxiety that engaging in clinical inquiry requires coordicountry both of expertise and also ability concurrently.

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In the chapter’s three major sections, we initially articulate why the finding out of science and engineering methods is crucial for K-12 students and also why these techniques need to reflect those of professional scientists and designers. 2nd, we describe in detail eight methods we take into consideration vital for learning science and engineering in grades K-12 (view Box 3-1). Finally, we conclude that acquiring abilities in these methods supports a much better knowledge of exactly how scientific understanding is produced and just how design solutions are emerged. Such knowledge will help students become more critical consumers of clinical indevelopment.