Research suggests that __________ are the most effective leaders

Kendra Cherry, MS, is an writer, educational consultant, and speaker concentrated on helping students learn about psychology.

You watching: Research suggests that __________ are the most effective leaders

Amy Morin, LCSW, is the Editor-in-Chief of Verywell Mind. She's also a psychotherapist, worldwide bestmarketing author and also organize of the The Verywell Mind Podcast.


The situational concept of management argues that no single leadership style is ideal. Instead, it relies on which kind of management and also tactics are best-suited to the task. According to this concept, the most reliable leaders are those that are able to adapt their style to the instance and also look at cues such as the form of job, the nature of the team, and also other factors that can contribute to getting the project done.

Situational Leadership

Situational leadership theory is frequently described as the Hersey-Blanchard Situational Leadership Theory, after its developers, Dr. Paul Hersey, writer of "The Situational Leader," and Kenneth Blancdifficult, author of "One-Minute Manager."

Telling (S1): In this management style, the leader tells people what to do and how to perform it.Selling (S2): This style involves more back-and-forth in between leaders and also followers. Leaders "sell" their concepts and message to gain group members to buy into the procedure.Participating (S3): In this method, the leader supplies much less direction and also enables members of the team to take a much more energetic duty in coming up with concepts and making decisions.

Maturity Levels

The right style of leadership depends significantly on the maturity level (i.e., the level of expertise and also competence) of the individuals or team.

M1: Group members absence the knowledge, abilities, and also willingness to finish the job.M2: Group members are willing and also enthusiastic, however absence the capability.M3: Group members have the skills and capcapacity to finish the job, but are unwilling to take obligation.M4: Group members are extremely experienced and willing to complete the job.

Matching Styles and also Levels

Leadership formats might be matched with maturity levels. The Hersey-Blanchard version suggests that the complying with leadership formats are the a lot of correct for these maturity levels:

Low Maturity (M1)—Telling (S1)Medium Maturity (M2)—Selling (S2)Medium Maturity (M3)—Participating (S3)High Maturity (M4)—Delegating (S4)

How It Works

An even more "telling" style might be vital at the beginning of a task once followers lack the responsibility or understanding to work on their very own. As subordinates come to be more proficient and also knowledgeable, however, the leader might desire to change into an extra delegating approach.

This situational model of leadership focuses on versatility so that leaders are able to adapt according to the needs of their followers and the needs of the instance.

The situational method to management likewise prevents the pitfalls of the single-style method by recognizing that there are many kind of different ways of dealing with a problem and also that leaders need to have the ability to assess a case and also the maturity levels of subordinates in order to recognize what approach will be the most efficient at any type of offered minute.

Situational theories, therefore, give greater consideration to the complexity of dynamic social instances and also the many individuals acting in various roles that will eventually contribute to the outcome.

Situational Leadership II

The Situational Leadership II (or SLII model) was developed by Kenneth Blanctough and also builds on Blanchard and also Hersey"s original theory. According to the revised version of the theory, effective leaders need to base their habits on the developpsychological level of team members for specific tasks.

Competence and Commitment

The developmental level is established by each individual"s level of competence and also commitment. These levels include:

Enthusiastic beginner (D1): High commitment, low competence.Disillusioned learner (D2): Some competence, but setbacks have actually brought about low commitment.Capable yet mindful perprevious (D3): Competence is growing, however the level of commitment varies.

See more: Taking The Lead Lessons From A Life In Motion (Paperback), *Download In

Self-reliant achiever (D4): High competence and also commitment.

SLII Leadership Styles

SLII additionally argues that effective leadership is dependent on 2 essential behaviors: supporting and also directing. Directing habits incorporate offering certain directions and also instructions and also attempting to control the habits of group members. Supporting actions include actions such as encouraging subordinates, listening, and offering acknowledgment and feedback.

Directing (S1): High on directing actions, low on sustaining actions.Coaching (S2): High on both directing and sustaining actions.Supporting (S3): Low on directing habits and high on supporting behaviors.Delegating (S4): Low on both directing and sustaining behaviors.

The major point of SLII concept is that not one of these 4 leadership formats is finest. Instead, an efficient leader will certainly enhance his or her behavior to the developpsychological skill of each subordinate for the task at hand also.

Key Factors

Experts indicate that tbelow are four essential contextual factors that leaders must be aware of as soon as making an assessment of the case.

Consider the Relationship

Leaders should consider the connection in between the leaders and the members of the team. Social and also interpersonal components can play a function in determining which method is finest.

For instance, a team that lacks effectiveness and efficiency could benefit from a style that emphasizes order, rules, and also plainly defined roles. A productive team of very experienced employees, on the various other hand also, might benefit from an extra democratic style that permits group members to job-related individually and also have actually input in organizational decisions.

Consider the Task

The leader demands to think about the job itself. Tasks have the right to selection from easy to facility, but the leader requirements to have actually a clear concept of specifically what the task requires in order to recognize if it has been properly and competently achieved.

Consider the Level of Authority

The level of authority the leader has over team members have to additionally be considered. Some leaders have power conferred by the position itself, such as the capacity to fire, hire, reward, or reprimand subordinates. Other leaders get power via relationships with employees, often by acquiring respect from them, providing support to them, and also helping them feel contained in the decision-making procedure.

Consider the Level of Maturity

As the Hersey-Blanchard design suggests, leaders should consider the level of maturity of each individual team member. The maturity level is a measure of an individual"s capability to complete a task, as well as his or her willingness to complete the task. Assigning a project to a member that is willing but lacks the capacity is a recipe for faitempt.

Being able to pinpoint each employee"s level of maturity allows the leader to choose the best leadership technique to help employees accomplish their objectives.

Ever wonder what your personality form means? Sign as much as discover out more in our Healthy Mind newsletter.

Verywell Mind uses only high-quality resources, including peer-reviewed research studies, to support the facts within our write-ups. Read our editorial procedure to learn more about how we fact-examine and also store our content exact, dependable, and also trusted.
DuBrin AJ. Leadership: Research, Findings, Practice, and also Skills. Machild, OH: South-Western, Cconnect Learning; 2013.Gill R. Theory and also Practice of Leadership. London: Sage Publications; 2011.Hersey P, Blancdifficult KH. Management of Organizational BehaviorUtilizing Human being Resources. New Jersey/Prattract Hall; 1969.Hersey P, Blanctough KH. Life Cycle Theory of Leadership. Training and Development Journal.

See more: Video Cards Have Their Own _____., Ite 119 Module 3 Flashcards

 1969;23(5):26–34.Nevarez C, Wood JL, Penclimbed R. Leadership Theory and the Community College: Applying Theory to Practice. Sterling, Virginia: Stylus Publishing; 2013.