It is necessary to pay attention to suffixes because they

Knowing a few medical suffixes (& medical prefixes) can assist you make feeling of thousands of clinical terms. 


Some of these suffixes identify medical procedures. (See -scopy: an exam, or -ectomy: surgical removal.)

Others tell you something about a condition. (Examples: -algia: pain in the _______, -emia: regarded blood.)

Others make a word right into a noun or adjective.

You watching: It is necessary to pay attention to suffixes because they

In the lists listed below the sufdeal with is listed initially, then its definition and also some examples through meanings.

(Pay attention to the prefixes and also roots in the examples too, as they might be used through various other suffixes on the quiz.)

Look through these sufsettle lists. Then see just how many kind of word interpretations you can guess on the sufresolve quiz at the bottom of the page. 

(Keep in mind that periodically it’s essential to add an o- before the sufdeal with to make the finish word sound much better.)


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Suffixes for Medical Conditions

-ac, -al, -ary (also –ic and also –ous) – connected or pertaining to (the finishing renders a word into an adjective): cardiac (regarded the heart), renal (relating to the kidneys), coronary (related to the arteries surrounding the heart like a crown)-algia—pain: analgesic (taking amethod pain), myalgia (muscle pain), neuralgia (nerve pain)-cyte—a cell (also a prefix): leukocyte (white blood cell), monocytes (huge leukocytes via a solitary nucleus)-emia- regarded blood (also a prefix): anemia (lack or shortage of blood), hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), polycythemia (problem of many red blood cells—the cyt is for cell, as above)-genic —producing or developed by (from genesis—origin); erythrogenic (developing redness, or creating red blood cells), neurogenic (originating in a nerve), thrombogenic (leading to thrombosis- blood clotting)-genous – developing or developed by/originating in: endogenous (originating within the body or a cell), exogenous (originating external the body)-ic – associated or pertaining to: arthritic (pertained to inflamed joints), gastric (concerned the stomach), hemolytic (the breaking down of red blood cells, causing a release of hemoglobin), septic (infected, relating to infection—sepsis)-itis – inflammation: appendicitis (inflammation of the appendix), arthritis (inflammation of the joints), encephalitis (inflammation inside the head), hepatitis (inflammation of the liver), neuritis (inflammation of the nerves)-megaly—enlargement: cardiomegaly (enlarged heart), hepatomegaly (enlarged liver)-morph—create or shape: polymorphic (showing up in many forms) -oma-- tumor, swelling: carcinoma (a cancerous tumor), hematoma (a large blood-filled swelling), melanoma (a “black tumor”—a deadly form of skin cancer)-osis—problem or condition state: kyphosis (abnormal spine curvature—hunchback), necrosis (condition of fatality of that tissue), psychosis (mental illness)-ous—connected to: cancerous (regarded cancer), transmittable (concerned or able to reason infection), nutritious (regarded nutrition), subcutaneous (concerned tworries below the skin surface)-pathy (deserve to likewise be a prefix)-- suffering, disease: neuropathy (nerve condition or damage), psychopathic (pertained to a mental illness)-penia—deficiency: glycopenia (sugar deficiency), leukopenia (shortage of white blood cells), thrombocytopenia (low number of blood platelets)-phage, phagia—eating: dysphagia (obstacle swallowing), macrophage (huge white blood cell that “eats” bacteria and also various other pathogens)-plasia – growth or formation: erythroplasia (a kind of reddish precancerous growth), hyperplasia (unexplained growth)-plegia—paralysis, loss of the capacity to move: hemiplegia (paralysis of fifty percent of the body), quadriplegia (paralysis of all 4 limbs)-rrhagia-- flow: hemorrhage (extreme circulation of blood out of the body), menorrhaghia (hefty or enhanced menstrual flow)-trophy—expansion, development: atrophy (no development, withering), hypertrophy (growing also much), phototropic (growing towards light)

Suffixes for People & Fields of Study

-ist—person with this skill: generalist, psychiatrist, specialist (watch –logist)-logy—the examine of: hematology (the research of blood)-logic—pertained to the field of: hematologic (regarded blood and also its study)-logist—perkid who has actually stupassed away this: cardiologist (a heart doctor), dermatologist (a skin doctor), urologist (a medical professional specializing in the urinary system)

Suffixes for Tests & Treatments

-ectomy—surgical removal: appendectomy (removal of the appendix), cholecystectomy (removal of the gall bladder), hysterectomy (removal of the uterus), mastectomy (removal of a breast), thyroidectomy (removal of the thyroid)-gram—record: angiogram (record/picture of blood vessels), electrocardiogram (document of heartbeat patterns), mammogram (breast x-ray picture)-lysis, -lyze-- sepaprice, break apart: analyze (to sepaprice into components for closer examination), dialysis (artificial cleansing of the blood as it flows with a machine), urinalysis (examination of the component parts of the urine)-plasty—surgical repair or rebuilding: angioplasty (widening of obstructed arteries), osteoplasty (repair of bone), rhinoplasty (repair and also rebuilding of the nose)-scope, -scopy—look at: bronchoscope (an instrument that looks at the bronchii of the lungs), colonoscopy (using a tube with a electronic camera at the finish to examine the colon), endoscopy (looking inside a hollow body organ through a lighted, functional tube and also camera), stethoscope (an instrument offered for listening to the heart, lungs, and also other interior organs)-stomy—developing an opening (related to the preresolve stoma—mouth): colostomy (removal of component of the colon and creation of an fabricated opening for excretion), tracheostomy (making an opening in the trachea/windpipe)-tomy—cutting into, incision: craniotomy (cutting into the skull—cranium), laparatomy (a large incision right into the abdomen), vagotomy (cutting into the vagus nerve) 


Medical Suffixes (& Roots) Quiz

Match the words via medical suffixes on the left through the meanings in the drop-dvery own menu on the appropriate. The initially is done for you.

(These words were not provided in the examples over, but they are made from clinical suffixes, and prefixes and also roots, that were provided.)


appendectomysurgical removal of the appendix
arthralgia???deficiency or thinning of bonea cancer of the white blood cellsinflammation in many kind of nerves at the same timeleading to diseaseabcommonly huge amount of bloodprofessional who researches nervesinflammation of the stomachjoint painillness of the heart muscle
cardiomyopathy ???deficiency or thinning of bonea cancer of the white blood cellsinflammation in many kind of nerves at the exact same timecausing diseaseabcommonly huge amount of bloodskilled that researches nervesinflammation of the stomachjoint paindisease of the heart muscle
gastritis???deficiency or thinning of bonea cancer of the white blood cellsinflammation in many kind of nerves at the very same timeresulting in diseaseabnormally huge amount of bloodprofessional that researches nervesinflammation of the stomachjoint paincondition of the heart muscle
leukemia???deficiency or thinning of bonea cancer of the white blood cellsinflammation in many kind of nerves at the very same timebring about diseaseabgenerally huge amount of bloodprofessional that research studies nervesinflammation of the stomachjoint paincondition of the heart muscle
osteopenia???deficiency or thinning of bonea cancer of the white blood cellsinflammation in many kind of nerves at the very same timebring about diseaseabtypically huge amount of bloodprofessional that studies nervesinflammation of the stomachjoint paincondition of the heart muscle
neurologist???deficiency or thinning of bonea cancer of the white blood cellsinflammation in many type of nerves at the very same timeleading to diseaseabcommonly huge amount of bloodskilled that researches nervesinflammation of the stomachjoint paindisease of the heart muscle
pathogenic???deficiency or thinning of bonea cancer of the white blood cellsinflammation in many nerves at the exact same timeleading to diseaseabtypically huge amount of bloodexpert that researches nervesinflammation of the stomachjoint paincondition of the heart muscle
polyemia???deficiency or thinning of bonea cancer of the white blood cellsinflammation in many type of nerves at the exact same timeresulting in diseaseabtypically big amount of bloodexpert who research studies nervesinflammation of the stomachjoint painillness of the heart muscle
polyneuritis ???deficiency or thinning of bonea cancer of the white blood cellsinflammation in many kind of nerves at the exact same timebring about diseaseabcommonly big amount of bloodexperienced that research studies nervesinflammation of the stomachjoint paincondition of the heart muscle

Could you guess a lot of of these words from their parts? These medical suffixes are fairly widespread. They should help you understand much of the medical terminology you enrespond to.

You could desire to learn other common medical prefixes, if you haven’t stupassed away them already. See also the medical terms in Basic Medical Vocabulary, and also Medical Words and Symptom Vocabulary.

See more: Explain Why Science Can Answer Some Questions But Not Others

Here's a site wbelow you have the right to practice medical terminology with complimentary online equivalent games. (It's designed for the general public.)

Home> Medical English> Medical Suffixes.


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