According to catharine beecher, how were women supposed to influence people on an issue?

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Catharine Beecher

Edited by Debra Michals, PhD | 2015

A member of a significant activist and also religious family, Catharine Esther Beecher was a nineteenth century teacher and writer who advocated equal accessibility to education and learning for woguys and also supported for their duties as teachers and also mothers. Embracing traits associated through femininity such as nurturance, Beecher said that women were uniquely suited to the ethical and intellectual development of youngsters, either as mothers or as educators.

Born in East Hampton, New York on September 6, 1800, Catherine was the eldest of nine children of Roxana Foote and Lyman Beecher, a renowned Presbyterian minister and also evangelist. When Beecher was nine years old, the household relocated to Litchfield, Connectireduced, wbelow she attfinished the Litchfield Female Academy.

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Beecher was 16 years old as soon as her mom passed away and she started managing the household. A year later, her father married Harriet Porter and the couple had actually 3 sons and a daughter—Harriet Beecher Stowe, author of the best-selling antislavery novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1852). Catherine’s other famed siblings consisted of Isabella Beecher Hooker, a suffrage leader and also Henry Ward Beecher, a Brooklyn pastor, whose lectures against slaexceptionally or supporting temperance and women’s suffrage attracted thousands.

While still in her teenagers, Beecher wrote poems that were publimelted in the Christian Spectator under the signature C.D.D. By age 22, she was involved to Yale College professor Alexander Fisher, though she had actually doubts around their union. When he passed away in a shipwreck, Beecher dedicated her life solely to education and learning.

In 1823, Beecher and her sister Mary founded the Hartford Female Seminary. In many female colleges of the era, students learned mainly fine arts and langueras, yet Beecher readily available a full selection of subjects. An early pioneer of physical education for girls, Beecher introduced calisthenics to boost women’s health and wellness and also in defiance of prevailing notions of women’s fragility.

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In 1831, Beecher relocated west once her father came to be president of Lane Theological Seminary, a gradual Cincinnati school on the Ohio frontier. Tright here, she opened the Western Female Institute, which struggled financially. She also functioned on the McGuffey readers, the initially nationally-adopted textbooks for elementary students.

Thereafter, Beecher traveled, supporting herself through lectures and also books. Her many renowned works—A Treatise on Domestic Economy (1841), The Duty of Amerihave the right to Women to Their Country (1845), and The Domestic Receipt Book (1846)—demonstrated her ideas about women’s main duty as mothers and educators, increasing the next generation of citizens and creating a sanctuary for their family members within the home. Considered a handbook on women’s appropriate sex roles, her Treatise and other publications promoted self-sacrifice, modesty, and frugality together with childtreatment and food preparation. In 1852 she founded the Amerideserve to Woman’s Educational Association, which aimed to sfinish teachers west to construct institutions on the occurring frontier.

Unfavor various other family members members, Beecher opposed women’s suffrage. In The True Remedy for the Wrongs of Women and also Woguy Suffrage and Woman’s Profession (1871), she argued that residence and college are such important social pressures that woguys should limit their stays to them. While she did not difficulty women’s spright here, she did check out their residential and teaching functions as the source of women’s power and influence.

In the 1860s and 1870s, Beecher went back to brief teaching scolors. In 1869, she and also sister Harriet Beecher Stowe created a follow-approximately the Treatise entitled, The Amerideserve to Woman’s Home.

Boydston, Jeanne. The Limits of Sisterhood: The Beecher Sisters on Women’s Rights and Woman’s Sphere. Chapel Hill: College of North Carolina, 1993."Catharine Beecher." Encyclopedia of World Biography. Detroit: Gale, 1998. UNITED STATE History in Context. Accessed March 4, 2015. Cross, Barbara M. “Catherine Beecher,” in Notable American Womales, 1607-1950.

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Volume One. Cambridge, MA: Harvard College Press, 1971.Leavitt, Sarah A. From Catherine Beecher to Martha Stewart: A Cultural History of Domestic Advice. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2004.Weatherford, Doris. Amerihave the right to Women’s History: An A to Z of People, Organizations, Issues, and also Events. New York, NY: Patience Hall General Reference, 1994. White, Barbara A. The Beecher Sisters. New Haven: Yale College Press, 2003

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Harveboy, Mae E. Catharine Esther Beecher, Pioneer Educator, 1932.Sklar, Kathryn Kish. Catharine Beecher: A Study in American Domesticity. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1973.Stowe, Harriet Beecher. “Catherine Beecher,” in Our famed womales : An authorized document of the lives and deeds of distinguished American women of our times : an completely brand-new work, full of romantic story, lively humor, thrilling experiences, tender pathos, and brilliant wit, with numerous anecdotes, events, and individual reminiscences. Hartford, CT: A. D. Worthington, 1884.Woody, Thomas. A History of Women’s Education in the United States. New York, NY: The Science Press, 1929.